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C# Tutorial – Create a Save The Eggs Item Drop Game in Visual Studio

In this tutorial we will show you how to create a Item Drop game. The idea for this game is for the player to control an object in bottom of the screen and for items to drop from top of the screen. The player will be able to move left and right and player will also be able to catch the items drop from the drop. Play scores if they catch an item and scores deduct if they miss. The also will have speed up function where after a certain amount of points the drops will become faster this making the game more challenging. We will be using Visual Studio and C# programming language to create this game. All the assets are created for this game and you can download them below.  You can change the graphics to suit your own design but for us we thought it would be funny to make a save the eggs theme item drop game. You get the idea let’s get started.

Updated – New Tutorial – Create a item drop style game with WPF and C# – Save the Presents in visual studio

Lesson Objectives-

  1. Using Visual Studio Windows Components such as Picture Boxes, Labels and Timers
  2. Using the Random Class to generate random numbers and assigning them to object locations
  3. Using multiple events in Visual Studio
  4. Speed up game once a condition has been met
  5. Keep score for catches and misses
  6. Animate object once the item is missed
  7. Creating restart functions for the game

Video Tutorial:

Download the Game Assets for Save The Eggs Project

Start Visual Studio, Start a new project. Under the C# language, choose Windows Form Application. Name the project savetheeggs and click ok.

This is the new empty form

Now while the form is selected, go to the properties window and change the following settings for the form.

Back Color – 255, 192, 128 — this is a dark orange colour for the game.

Size – 628, 741

Text – Save the Eggs MOOICT

This is the result. This will be our game canvas. We will need to add the following components to this form.

Before we begin adding the components we need to import our resources to this project.

Under the solutions explorer, expand the properties option and you see resources. Now double click on resources window.

From the Add Resource Drop down click on Add Existing File

Select all the images and click open

Now all the game assets been imported to the project.

Make sure you save the project at this point.

Now lets go back to adding components to the game.

Open the Tool Box and start adding the following components, if the tool box isn’t present then go to View – Tool Box

Add 2

Place them top of the screen as followed

Now change the text for the following labels

These two will be used show how many eggs we caught and how many we missed.

Now add 4 picture boxes to the screen place them as followed

4 picture boxes been placed on the screen. The top 3 picture boxes will be the eggs and bottom picture will be the chicken.

Select the all 3 picture boxes from the top. You can drag and select all 3

Look in the properties window and change the following

Size Mode – Stretch Image

Tag – Eggs

Under the Image option click on the 3 dots and this window will come up

Size – 54, 66

Pick the egg image and click OK.

Yep them are some tasty looking eggs, let’s move on.

Now for the chicken. Click on the bottom picture and change the following to the properties window.

(Name) – chicken

Image – chicken_normal2

Size – 93, 83

Size Mode – Stretch Image

Now lets add a timer object to the game

Drag and drop the timer to the form and change the following to its properties

Change the name to gameTimer, set enabled to True and change the interval to 20.

Adding Events

Adding the Key down and Key Up event

Click on the form make sure nothing else is selected other than the form itself

In the properties window there is a lightning bolt icon, that icon means the events manager. All the events we will need to add are there, click on that image and it will bring up the

We are looking for two events, key down and key up

Inside the key down event type – keyisdown and press enter

Inside the key up event type – keyisup and press enter

Both of these actions will take you to the code view but you can always use the top tabs to come back to the design view.

Form1.CS is the codes for the game, resources we had open before and Form1.CS [Design] is the game canvas screen

Adding event to the game timer

Now click on the game timer and in the properties window, check the events manager

You will see a Tick event, the timer only has one event. Type gameTick and press enter

Now we have all the events for this game.

This is what the code view looks like thus far.

 

We need to add a game reset function here. This function will run when the game starts and if the player wants to play the game again when the level is over.

This will be a custom function, we will have to create it ourselves. Check below

 

So far we have the empty functions and events. Now we need to start adding the variables and instruction to the game.

These will go before public Form1() line.

 

// this green text in the code are comments, we are using them to help you understand the code better and they are good practice to keep doing while programming so you know what you are writing in the code.

// each line of comment will explain what we are doing in the code, so the variables are self explained in the code.

Inside the public form1 function add the following line highlighted below. The initialize component is there from the beginning because its where visual studio can load up all the buttons, text boxes and form for the application. DO NOT DELETE THIS LINE.

This is the reset function which we created earlier, with this function we can load up all of the default values and positions in the game. At this very moment its empty but we will be filling it in soon.

Lets look into the key down function

This is the key down function as you can see we are checking if the player has pressed the LEFT or RIGHT key and if they did we change the go left or go right Boolean to true.

In the key up function it’s the reversal of these actions, lets check it out

So, if you look closely, we are once again checking for the left and right key only this time this event will fire up when the left or right key is up and when they are we change the go left and go right Boolean to false.

This way the chicken object won’t continuously move left or right it will only move when the player is holding the button down.

Now lets take a deep look at the game tick function. Everything that happens in this game will be instructed in this function.

label1.Text = “Eggs Caught: ” + score; // show the score on Eggs Caught label

label2.Text = “Eggs Missed: ” + missed; // Show the misses on Eggs Missed label

These two lines are using the label 1 and label 2 we added earlier to the game to show the score and missed numbers on the form.

// if the go left boolean is true AND chickens left is greater than 0

if (goleft == true && chicken.Left > 0)

{

// then we move the chicken 12 pixels to the left

chicken.Left -= 12;

//checken image will be change to the one moving left

chicken.Image = Properties.Resources.chicken_normal2;

}

This if statement above is checking if the go left Boolean is true and also its checking is the chickens left axis is greater than 0 meaning if the left is -1 means the chicken is almost out of frame, by doing >0 means this chicken will always stay within the game canvas. We are basically setting the left boundary setting for the chicken. If all returns true then we move the chicken towards the left and change its image to the left facing one.

//if the go right is true AND chickens width and left is less than form width

// meaning the chicken is still within the frame of the game

if (goright == true && chicken.Left + chicken.Width < this.ClientSize.Width)

{

// move the chicken 12 pixels to the right

chicken.Left += 12;

// change the chicken image to the one moving right

chicken.Image = Properties.Resources.chicken_normal;

}

In this if statement we are doing the same thing we did for the left side but this time for the right side. Since this is a 2D game we need to make sure that the chicken cannot disappear from the game canvas. So we are checking if the go right Boolean is true and chicken left plus chicken width is less than the form width then we move the chicken and change its picture to the right facing one.

foreach (Control X in this.Controls)

{

}

The line above starts the main game loop, since there are many different objects on the screen it doesn’t make much sense to line them each, check for collision and move them back to top of the screen one by one when you can do the same thing in a loop. A loop is a productive and efficient way to problem solve in programming.

Notice the this is a for each loop meaning this loop is design to check for components inside of something inside the brackets we have created a variable X which is a type of Control or windows component in other words, we are checking for controls in this form.

By using this loop we can check for picture boxes, labels, buttons, text boxes etc. Any windows form component that is present will be found through this loop.

Import to remember about the curly brackets everything we are doing needs to be inside the main loops curly brackets.

// if X is a type of picture box AND it has the tag of Eggs

if (X is PictureBox && X.Tag == “Eggs”)

{

}

Inside the loop we have a if statement that’s checking if X is a picture box and x has a tag of EGGS. Remember we added the Eggs tags to the egg picture box earlier, this is why.

Everything we want to do with these eggs can go inside of this if statement. Remember the curly brackets

// then move X towards the bottom

X.Top += speed;

Firstly we want to drop the eggs from the top. Soon as the game starts, the loop will check the picture boxes, when it finds the ones has the Eggs tag it will start to add their speed downward.

// if the EGGS [X] reaches bottom of the screen

if (X.Top + X.Height > this.ClientSize.Height)

{

// if the egg hit the floor then we show the splash image

splash.Image = Properties.Resources.splash; // set the splash image

splash.Location = X.Location; // splash shows up on the same location as the egg

splash.Height = 59; // set the height

splash.Width = 60; // set the width

splash.BackColor = System.Drawing.Color.Transparent; // apply transparent background to the picture box

this.Controls.Add(splash); // add the splash picture to the form

X.Top = rndY.Next(80, 300) * -1; // position the eggs to a random Y location

X.Left = rndX.Next(5, this.ClientSize.Width – X.Width); // position the eggs to a random X location

missed++; // add 1 to the missed integer

chicken.Image = Properties.Resources.chicken_hurt; // change the chicken image to hurt image

}

The if statement above is checking if the eggs are hitting the floor, so inside the if statement where the conditions are give we have a condition that’s checking if X.TOP + X.Height meaning the eggs top value and height of the object is greater then the forms height then we do the following

We put the splash image on the splash picture box

We assign the splash location to the X’s location

Splash has the height of 59 and Width of 60

Setting the splash picture boxes background to transparent

this.Controls.Add(splash); // add the splash picture to the form

This line above will add the splash image to the form.

So when the eggs hit the ground and the splash image shows up we want to reset the egg back to the top so it can fall back, however we don’t want the egg to fall to the same place we want to randomise the location meaning the X and Y positions.

X.Top = rndY.Next(80, 300) * -1; // position the eggs to a random Y location

X.Left = rndX.Next(5, this.ClientSize.Width – X.Width); // position the eggs to a random X location

So when it hits the ground we set the X.TOP = random Y number between 80, 300 now we need to have negative value to them for they go back to top of the screen so we are multiplying the number by -1.

For the x left axis we are randomising the rand X with minimum of 5 and size of the form width. This way it can spawn any where on the screen.

missed++; // add 1 to the missed integer

chicken.Image = Properties.Resources.chicken_hurt; // change the chicken image to hurt image

once all that is done since this was missed egg we add 1 to the missed integer and change the chickens image to the hurt image from the resources.

// if the eggs bound with the chicken image

// if both picture boxes collide

if (X.Bounds.IntersectsWith(chicken.Bounds))

{

X.Top = rndY.Next(100, 300) * -1; // position the eggs to a random Y location

X.Left = rndX.Next(5, this.ClientSize.Width – X.Width); // position the eggs to a random X location

score++; // add 1 to the score

}

In the above if statement we are checking if the egg is colliding with the chicken, if so then we once again randomise the eggs location and this time we add 1 to the score for the player

// if the score is equals to or greater than 20

if (score >= 20)

{

speed = 16; // increase the eggs speed to 20

}

In the game we want to make it more challenging for the player, so in the if statement above we are checking if score is equals to or greater than 20 then we change the speed to 16. This means the eggs will start to fall faster.

// if the missed number is greater than 5

// we need to stop the game

if (missed > 5)

{

gameTimer.Stop(); // stop the game timer

// show the message box to say game is over.

MessageBox.Show(“Game Over!! We lost good Eggs” + “\r\n” + “Click OK to restart”);

// once the players clicks OK we restart the game again

reset();

}

In the if statement above its checking if the player has missed more than 5 eggs then we stop the timer, show a message box that says the game is over and they can click OK to restart. Then we are invoking the reset function so the game starts again.

If you are unsure about anything in the function please refer back to the page and check the code from there. Make sure all the brackets and curly brackets are present.

We have one last function to write now, this is the reset function

Lets take a look below

 

By now you should be almost familiar with all of the codes but lets explain it again

// check all of the controls with this loop

// create a control called X and check it in the form components

foreach (Control X in this.Controls)

{

/// if X is a picture box and it has a tag of Eggs

if (X is PictureBox && X.Tag == “Eggs”)

{

// we move it to top of the screen

X.Top = rndY.Next(80, 300) * -1; // give it a random y location

X.Left = rndX.Next(5, this.ClientSize.Width – X.Width); // give it a random x location

}

}

This is the for loop we are using to randomize the location of the eggs on the form, its simply looking for picture boxes with the tag eggs and it will move them above the form and randomize the X location so it looks like they are falling from random places on the form

chicken.Left = this.ClientSize.Width / 2; // reset the chicken to middle of the form

chicken.Image = Properties.Resources.chicken_normal2; // change the chicken picture to face left

We are moving the chicken to middle of the form and then we are setting image to the left facing one

score = 0; // set score to 0

missed = 0; // set missed to 0

speed = 8; // set speed to 8

goleft = false; // set go left to false

goright = false; // set go right to false

gameTimer.Start(); // start the game timer

We are setting the default values to the variables and lastly starting the timer because without it nothing can be happen EVER.

Now its time to debug click the start button from tool bar

 

So the eggs are coming down I can move the chicken, it doesn’t cross the boundary either from left or right. Scores going up, misses are going up as well and when I missed more than 5 game stopped also you can see the splash eggs are showing up on the screen.

Game restarts and everything goes back to the default values. If you have followed this tutorial thus far, then well done and keep learning.




One response to “C# Tutorial – Create a Save The Eggs Item Drop Game in Visual Studio”

  1. jay says:

    Can you make this in WPF please and also how would I implement the foreach loop as WPF does not have this.control. Any advise will help.

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