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C# Tutorial – Top Down Car Racing Game with Visual Studio

In this tutorial we are going to create a full top down car racing game.  The game principles are as the score goes up so does speed of the game, the is over once you hit another car. In this tutorial we are using Visual Studio and C# (sharp) programming language. We have pre designed the game assets and you can use your own but you need make sure they all have the same height and width.

In this tutorial you will learn –

  1. How to create a arcade game in C#
  2. How to identify the collision between multiple objects / picture boxes
  3. How to integrate key down and key up events into the windows form
  4. How to create a parallax scrolling background on windows form
  5. How to create a game level using visual studio component Panel
  6. How to dynamically change the images in the picture boxes
  7. How create and run functions
  8. How to use Booleans
  9. How to create a scoring system and reward the players appropriately
  10. How play WAV music file using only C#(Sharp) codes

Full Video Tutorial –

Download all of resources for the top down car racing game visual studio and c#

 

Assets Description
ambulance.png TruckWhite.png TruckBlue.png carPink.png

carOrange.png CarRed.png carGreen.png carGrey.png

AI Cars

These are cards which will be seen on the screen.

They are all PNG file format with full transparency.

bg.jpg Road Marking

This image is a JPEG image which shows the road marking and it will animated from top to sliding to bottom to give the illusion of the car moving forward.

gold.png

silver.png

bronze.png

Trophies.

These are trophies you can win in the game.

The main objective of the game is to drive as far as possible without crashing into another car. This image will be shown when the game ends depending of what the player has achieved.

carYellow.png This is the driver.

We chose this simple yellow car to resemble our humble driver.

C:\Users\Admin\Documents\Visual Studio 2010\Projects\racingGameTopDown\racingGameTopDown\Resources\4T9Ejkbjc.gif Explosion

This is the animated explosion GIF which we will use to show the end of GAME.

Car Crash AUDIO WAV File

We have a sound of crash crashing which will occur when the car collides with another.

Why WAV and not MP3 file. Its easier to play a WAV file directly using WAV file. To play Mp3 file you will need some additional DLL file to be added to the project.

Visual Studio Components Description
Button To restart the button
Timer To animate, speed up traffic and act as the main game event.
Label 1 Distance (that’s it this is a static text on the screen)
Label 2 Track the distance travelled in the game. It will start from 00.
Label 3 Instructions for the game (This is a static text on the screen to instruct the players on how to play the game. This will be a Multi Line Label)
Panel This will be the game screen

Height 424

Width 380

Background Colour Black.

Picture Box 1 – roadTrack1 This will act the as the road track image as seen above. This picture box will scroll down to give the illusion of the moving road.
Picture Box 2 – roadTrack2 This will be the second picture box with the exact height and width as picture box to give the illusion of parallax scrolling for the road track.
Picture Box 3 – player This will be the player picture box. We will be controlling this object with the left and right arrow key. The object will only move horizontally.
Picture Box 4 – AI1 This is the AI car.
Picture Box 5 – AI2 This is the second AI car.

How come we have 8 AI car images and only 2 AI car picture boxes. Well it’s not a good practice to use so many picture boxes we want to make this game light weight and fast. So when the AI car leaves the screen it will get relocated to top of the screen, while that is happening the cars swap the inside images with other cars to make it look like there are more cars on the road.

Picture Box 6 – explosion This is the explosion animation, which will invisible for most of the until the crash happens, then we can animate it on top of the player car picture box.
Picture Box 7 – Trophy This picture box will show end of the where we will see what the player has achieved. We have set the scores for the game where better the players skills to avoid cars on the road the better they score.

Bronze – 1000 or less score

Silver- 2000 or more score

Gold- 3500 or more score

Start a new project in visual studio name the project Choose Visual C# Windows Form and name it Car Racing Game

From the default settings of the form change the following settings first Change the text to Car Racing Game

In Form properties change the size to width 415 and width 695

Click on the drop down button next to the text option and you can add multiline to the label.

Now we add the panel. Click on the Panel component in the tool box and drag and it to the form

While the panel is selected look at the properties window and change the following settings

BackColor – Black
BorderStyle – Fixed3D
Location – 12, 12
Size – 380, 424

Now add two picture boxes to the form.

We need to add all of our resources to the project.

Click on the picture box 1 and Click on the little triangle on corner right of the picture box.

Click on Choose image select and click on Import

From the list of images select the roadTrack image and click OK

Once you have imported all of the images they will be copied to the resources folder in the project document. Now you only have to click on choose image and then select the right image from the list.

Now click on the picture box and do the same.

They don’t look like what we want them to at the moment so let’s change some info in the properties and then they can have the desired effects.

Click on the noted picture boxes and change their properties as mentioned below –

PictureBox1 PictureBox2
Name – roadTrack1

backColor – black

Location = -2, -638

Size = 385, 632

SizeMode = StretchImage

Name – roadTrack2

backColor -black

Location = -3, -222

Size = 385, 632

SizeMode = StretchImage

This is the view thus far.

Notice how we can’t see the overlapping game road on the screen that’s because of the panel. The panel kind of only shows that’s visible inside it and not what is outside. It also groups the contents inside its height and width.

Now let’s add 5 more picture boxes.

1 – AI Car 2 – AI Car – 3- Player Car 4- Explosion 5 -Trophies

Lets change the images as below

pictureBox1 Name = AI1

backColor = Transparent

Image = carGrey (Click on the … and choose the image)

Location = 66, 19

Size = 50, 101

SizeMode = StetchImage

pictureBox2 Name = AI2

backColor = Transparent

Image = carGreen (Click on the … and choose the image)

Location = 294, 85

Size = 50, 101

SizeMode = StetchImage

pictureBox3 Name = explosion

backColor = Transparent

Image = explosion (Click on the … and choose the image)

Location = 153, 234

Size = 64, 64

SizeMode = StetchImage

pictureBox4 Name = player

backColor = Transparent

Image = carYellow (Click on the … and choose the image)

Location = 161, 286

Size = 50, 101

SizeMode = StetchImage

pictureBox5 Name = trophy

backColor = Transparent

Image = bronze (Click on the … and choose the image)

Location = 66, 157

Size = 250,100

SizeMode = StetchImage

 

Get the timer object from the tool box and drag it to the form.

With the timer object added lets change some properties of the timer object.

Now we are done with all of the game graphics. Lets get started on the coding. Yeaayyy

Right Click on the form and Click on View Code or press F7.

This is the default code of the project we are going to add our code in here. Make sure you don’t delete any of the brackets unnecessarily.

Enter the highlighted code below

See how we made space before the public form function and entered our global variables.

int carSpeed is the speed which our car will move. Int roadSpeed is which our roads will move down wards, bool carLeft and bool carRight are the booleans we will need to move the car left and right based on the key board events, int trafficSpeed is how fast the traffic will move down wards, int score will keep track of how far we travelled and we are also invoking a Random class which will generate the random numbers for us inside the rnd variable.

Remember all of the above are global variables and they can be accessed from anywhere in the form. Unless we declare a variable inside a function then it becomes a local variable which can only be used inside that said function, otherwise we can access them from any function as required.

Lets create a reset function which we can use when the game starts and we can also use it to reset when some one ends the game want to play again.

This is how we declare the reset function.

Now enter the following code inside it.

 

Now lets call this function, we call the function by simply referring back to its name Reset(). If you see this any where in the code it means by simply referring to this we are invoking all its logic to the memory.

Right inside the form1 function under the initialize component function we are calling the reset function. So when the game starts we get right into the action.

Go back to the design view and double click on the timer1 object we added earlier.

<– Double click this

The code above is what visual studio will add to our project, this is the event that will trigger every 10 milliseconds which we set the timer to.

Inside the timer we will add all of our animation and the game rules.

The code above is only some part of Timer 1 function. What we have done here is just to give you an insight into how the game played, now if you want to run the game you can.

Click on the debug menu bar and click on start debugging

This is will run the game.

Now you will see the tracks are moving and distance number is increasing. That was the code so far and it’s doing exactly that. Also notice that the button is disabled, AI cars, explosion image and the trophy images are out of the scene.

Here are rest of the timer function. Remember don’t run the code yet because we haven’t declared all of the functions mentioned in the game yet. We will prompt you again when to run it. If run this with the code below it will give you errors because many of the functions mentioned below we haven’t declared yet.

The code is explained inside with the comments.

Now let’s go back to the design view once more to add two events to the FORM.

Click on the form and look at the properties window.

Click on that lightning bolt icon

We are interested in the two events KeyDown and KeyUp

In the key down event type moveCar and press enter. go back and type stopCar in the key up event.

Type the following in the move car function.

Type the following in the stop car function

Now let’s create the changeAI1 function.

Since all of the images are an object we can change their properties in the code. In this case we are using a switch statement to change the images based on the random number generated. The logic behind this is each time the car leaves bottom of the play area this function will run generate a random number between 1 and 8 and then it will change the car based on the number.

AI1.Image = Properties.Resources.carGreen;

The line above is where we are accessing the images we imported into the resources before. This is why it’s important to name your images because if we called the images 3dg7I.jpg we would never guess what it is plus visual studio doesn’t show the extension of the file either from the resources.

the changeAI2 function is exactly the same.

only with AI2 this time.

Now let’s create the game over function. This function is set to run when the player has hit the other AI’s on the screen.

We are making all of the images we made invisible back to visible and enabling the button so we can interact with it.

Now lets go back to the design view and double click on the button.

inset the reset function calling inside the button 1 function.

Each time we end the game we can the restart the game. Now let’s run the game.

Start Debugging the game.

Ha! it worked.

The GIF is animating on top of the car.
Timer stopped
The car isn’t going off the borders left or right
The trophy is showing
AI cars are changing and coming back
Traffic speeds up as the scores goes up

One last thing, SOUND.

We have a WAV file called hit we need to move it in the debug folder.

Right Click on the solutions explorer and click on open folder in WIndows Explorer.

All the resources are going to be inside the Car Racing Game folder.

Now go inside the bin/debug folder

Here paste the hit.wav file

Now lets go back to visual studio we need to create a new function

This one will be called play sound

In this function we are creating a new instance of the class sound player and we are directing it to the hit.wav file we pasted before. Now if you notice we didn’t give the file any folder directory, now when the game runs it will look for the hit.wav file where that EXE file is that is why we pasted it in the bin/debug folder.

Now we need to run this function in the game over function.

So inside the game over function mention playSound();

Now play the game and test it out.

Be proud of the game you created.

Well done.

 




3 responses to “C# Tutorial – Top Down Car Racing Game with Visual Studio”

  1. Vikito Zhimo says:

    Can i get the code of paused and resumes without losing the left and right arrow key controls over the player cars

  2. Suhird says:

    Dear sir,
    I am also new at programing and learning through project after learning all the syntax. This is truly helped me a lot but I am stuck at something.
    I can’t play the sound and yes I have name it correctly and done adjacently how it is done. I have also search stack-overflow and Microsoft c# docs. su
    Also any suggestion on improving with my programing will be appreciated.
    Sincerely,
    Suhird

  3. Anhar Ali says:

    Hi Suhird, I’ve started to make fully commented video tutorials. here is the one for this tutorial – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YIgQg_AAIIU. You will find the part about playing sound from 44.41 mins into the tutorial.

Comment on this tutorial and let us know how you got on -

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