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WPF C# Tutorial – Add and Remove Objects with Mouse Click in Visual Studio

This is an exciting tutorial; we will show you how to add rectangles to the mouse click location and when you click on the rectangles it will remove it from the app. This technique will be very useful for games development as we can dynamically add or remove objects from the screen as needed. We are using Microsoft visual studio 2017 to create this app you can follow along with any version that support WPF form app.

Lesson objective –

  • Create an app that adds and removes rectangles from the scene
  • Create mouse click events to work with canvas element in WPF
  • Capture mouse click location and add rectangles to that location
  • Capture mouse clicks on rectangles and remove the CLICKED rectangle
  • Add random colours to the rectangles to make them identifiable

Open Visual Studio and Start a new project

Name it Add and Remove Items Dynamically and click OK. Make sure you save this project file in a location where you can find it again.

This is the default view of the project so far. We will make some changes to the bottom part of the code here.

Add the highlighted part into the title of the app, this will trigger the focus manager and keep the main canvas in focus while the app is running.

We need to delete this Grid and add canvas here

This canvas we added has its own properties inside of it. First we gave it a name so we can interact with it from the C# script, we also set the focusable to true. This canvas has a mouse left button down event called addRemoveItems and it has a background colour of white.

The event add remove items will be used to check where we clicked on the canvas and were to add the items to. For now this is all we need for this canvas. Now we can go and start adding c# codes for this project.

Right click on the addRemoveItems keyword and click on goto definition

This will take us to the C# script page and add the definition automatically. You can type it manually but this way is faster.

This is the C# script for this app so far, we will need to add a couple of variables here and then we can start with the event.

Add the two following lines above the main window function. These two lines represent two variables we will need for this app. The first Brush Custombrush is a Brush variable that will let us create new colours for the boxes. We want to make each box different than the last so we need to make it a random colour so to be able generate random colours we need the second line. Random r = new Random() will help create random numbers between two values.

Lets program the add remove items event now and see what it does.

Here is the logic behind the event:

That’s it. Seems pretty simple lets see how it looks in the code. Below is the add more items event code

Lets break down the code and see what it does under the hood. There is 1 main if statement in this mouse event. However as you can see there is a lot going on here so we will take some time break down this code and explain what is happening here.

This is the first part of the event

In this section we are looking IF we clicked on a existing rectangle, if so we will link it with a local rectangle to help us identify the event sender and then we remove from the Canvas.

If the conditions above are not met for example if we did not click on an existing rectangle that means we want to add a new rectangle to the scene. This is when the ELSE part of the if statement comes in.

In this ELSE part first we are generating a random colour in the custom brush. Lets break it down and see what’s happening here

Inside the custom brush we are creating a new solid colour brush instance. This solid colour brush is a class and it takes 3 arguments for example we can say SolidColorBrush(Color.FromRGB(0,0,0,)); this will give us a black colour so each the numbers will be converted to bytes and then that will represent the values from Red Green and Blue part of the colours. Because we want to create random colours for each rectangle we are using Random R variable created earlier to generate a random number between 1 and 255 then converting them to bytes so they can be used as a colour input. FromRGB means from Red Green and Blue colours so we generate random numbers inside that.

Above we are making the new rectangle and we are giving the property values of the rectangle directly inside of it. So we create a new rectangle called newRec and this will be an instance of the rectangle class. This new rectangle will have 50 pixels height and width, 3-pixel border, custom fill colour and black border colour.

These two lines above position the new rectangle to the mouse click location. We capture the mouse click X and Y value and assign it to the new rectangles left and top location.

This line will add the new rectangle to the screen.

Let’s see it in action.

As you can see, we can add the rectangles and its showing different colours, when you click on the rectangles it removes it from the screen. If you have followed the tutorial so far then well done. If you are having difficulties then check the code again and make sure you have spelled them correctly.

Full Source code – 

 




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