Definition of programming languages
- Subject: Theoretical Tutorials
- Learning Time: 0
We all know about our favorite programming language, but its important we know about few others. For this one we are trying to explain some of the popular programming languages which have employ ability and learn ability value to them. Here are some our favorites. There is link to WIKIPEDIA pages for each of the language if you are interested in learning more about them.
C++ (C Plus Plus) – This is a very popular language among computer science students and veteran developers. C++ is high level programming language developed in 1979 and is still growing strong today. We can use C++ with Visual Studio IDE to create windows form applications, command line application and its used to make games too. There are several game engines which are built on C++ such as Crytek Engine, Unreal and others. C++ is very fast, meaning it compiles its code and has less dependencies, however there are good and bad side to that too, C++ is known for its memory leak issues. This happens when some objects are not collected from the memory when removed and is left there collecting bytes until it slows the program or the system down. This isn’t the typical programming language that you would want to learn as a beginner but if you have grasped the principles of programming then C++ would be ideal for you as it will give you the best of hardware and software performance. This is why C++ is very popular with veteran programmers and high-end game developers.
More on – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/C%2B%2B
C# (C Sharp) – This is a programming language developed by Microsoft in 2000. C# programming has automated many of the flaws by C++ such as memory leaking because it has the classes built in to manage the memory and collect unused bytes from the program automatically. C# has shown to be a very popular language in the modern age because of the new applications being built on Mobile and Cloud computing. The popular game development IDE’s and game engines such as Unit 3D and Unreal engine both use C# as developers are familiar with the language and can use on the objects easily. C# can be used to create simple applications in Visual Studio and its rather easy to learn. You can get some of the best performance by using C# in Microsoft Windows. For mobile application development C# language proved to a popular choice, many of the application frameworks and game engines 2d or 3d are using C# as their primary language.
Visual Basic – Visual Basic is a programming language Created by Microsoft. It allows users to create GUI applications using Visual Studio IDE. Developers are able to create applications with buttons, labels, text boxes and menus. Visual Basic was a popular programming however it has not been very popular since the language, in recent times developers have moved on to other programming languages such as C#, Java and C++ to create GUI applications with more power and reliability. Visual Basic is still in use for small businesses and educational purposes. It’s an easy language to learn and can be used to create very interesting applications.
Objective C – This programming language is mainly used by Apple. This is the primary language which Apple used on their Mac OSX operating systems and the IOS operating system which runs on the popular Apple Iphones. In the popular Apple IDE Xcode developers can use Objective C language to create apps and games for the Iphone and Ipad. This language is rather difficult to learn and for beginners it can be daunting task, however for veteran developers who are familiar with programming lingo can pick up the language patterns easily. Apple has recently released the SWIFT language to engage with new developers who can easily make games and apps for the Iphone or Ipad.
Java – Java is a programming language and computing platform first released by Sun Microsystems in 1995. Java has it own tag which states Program Once and Run Everywhere, in simple form it was designed to make programmers life easier by only needing to program the application once and that program would run on every platform, phones, pcs, consoles etc. Java is a very popular language and it’s still going on strong. Java needs it own client to be downloaded and ran in order to run online applications, Java is a very powerful language and you can create simple applications, games and professional application. Java was the primary language to develop applications on Android phone however they now accept applications to be mode on various different programming language. Java is very secure, fast and flexible language.
HTML/CSS – HTML stands for HyperText Markup Language and CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheet. HTML contains tags such as HTML, Head, Title, Body, DIV, P, and many more which is used to organise a website structure. Each web page has these tags. With only HTML tags a website simply looks black and white, CSS comes after where we can assign backgrounds, colours, positions and sizes to various aspects of HTML. This is a beginner friendly language and you can use it make some really remarkable websites. HTML doesn’t work on its own it needs a browser such as Google Chrome or Fire Fox to display its content.
More on HTML – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HTML
More on CSS – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cascading_Style_Sheets
PHP – PHP ( used to be Personal Home Page) stands for Hypertext pre-processor. PHP is an open source programming language and is supported by a large talented community. Most of the ecommerce websites are supported by PHP and the websites that are built on WordPress are also created on PHP because PHP is the primary language for WordPress. PHP codes are executed on the server and then it delivers simple HTML and CSS files directly to the browsers. This was the original code is always secure and can do complex calculations with case. PHP usually works with MySQL database where developers can record entries to be used for sign ups, analytics and inventory of items etc. PHP only runs on a server environment.
More on – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PHP
Python – Python is a programming language that’s available freely to create simple applications in. Python can be written in many different programs one of the popular one is PyCharm. Python is a simple programming but can be used to create very complex and high performing applications. Python is used in schools and college a lot because of it easy interface and easy to understand syntaxes, python doesn’t require square or curly brackets often but it also supports them if used which is awesome. It’s used in pretty much all of the major websites such as you tube, stock market websites and data mining web services. This is a very good language to start learning programming in.
Ruby – Ruby is a dynamic open source programming language best known for its flexibility and adaptability for the developer. Programmers are able to create various range of applications using Ruby because it is designed not to restrict them by adding more rules. Programmers are able to change and modify Ruby’s syntax’s hence the flexibility. Since Ruby is an open source language it has a talented community backing it up and constantly improving the language, this makes it future proof and a gem to learn.